Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Principles of Business Administration Essay

The two representatives and businesses need to ensure that they are completely mindful of their environmental factors and to ensure that they are not affected by any medications or liquor while at work. Close by close to home lead workers and bosses need to ensure they make on close to home move, they should have the option to activity when required and not sit tight for another person to assume responsibility for a circumstance. As a business one way they can ensure that the earth is secure and safe if by discovering the data I. . who is accountable for medical aid where are the principle wellbeing and security worries inside the structure and in particular realizing who to contact when need to if there is a significant issue. Santander is a case of an organization who ensured that security is top of the game, the explanation behind this will be this organization manages a large number of clients account subtleties may it be for Visas or store cards, every individual from staff are gotten through preparing which clarifies about information insurance and what to do and not to do. The manners by which staffs are advised to manage the records are as per the following:- When reaching client may it be from an outbound call or an inbound call all staff need to ensure that they exhortation the clients that calls might be recorded for future reference, at that point they should ask the clients security inquiries to ensure that they are addressing the right individual (this can be hard as some of the time it is hard to completely know whether the individual you are conversing with is the right individual). When this has been affirmed the representative can go on and disclose to client that they are financially past due and take installment to and note clients account, there are events when the installment framework won't react and the workers would need to record the clients subtleties on these events the clients would know and in the event that they were cheerful data would be taken and credited later on the data would then be put in a particular container which is gathered one consistently where all close to home or private data is decimated. Different things representatives are told is when leaving the PC they have to ensure that they lock their screen along these lines nobody can get a duplicate of any of the clients subtleties, if the worker has any administrative work laying around they additionally need to ensure this is bolted away if the data has any clients subtleties on. Because of the sum if accounts that fall into back payments there are staff who principally manage the store cards and Mastercards, these staff know not to discuss account holders subtleties, when calling the client they have to amek sure they complete security questions

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Introduction to Computing Robotic-Assisted Heller Myotomy

Question: Depict about the Introduction to Computing for Robotic-Assisted Heller Myotomy? Answer: Presentation In the cutting edge world, contemporary figuring consumes a huge space that incorporates a few present day advancements for accomplishing enormous targets utilizing inventive procedure. This idea of current registering came into obvious in ninth hundreds of years. Current and created advances are contributing a seemingly endless amount of time after year utilizing imaginative advances of registering over the base figuring process (Afaneh et al., 2015). Current arrays of registering are created utilizing a top and most recent advancements with modern devices that include a fast exhibition of CPU, database systems administration, and information exchange. Registering advancements with more intelligent and quicker determinations made the individual and corporate life simpler. The individual existence of the individuals if there should be an occurrence of innovative and long range informal communication turned out to be quicker and simpler with the assistance of contemporary processing p resent in a few electronic gadgets. The effects of processing in the science and current advancements give a few clear thoughts regarding new imaginative movement in the life of the people and associations for future turn of events (Bogue, 2013). Entertainer Network hypothesis Michel Callon and Bruno Latour are the innovators of the Actor Network Theory (ANT) and create it during their work. As per the depictions given by them, Actor Network Theory (ANT) can be portrayed as a system in which the cooperation and correspondence should be possible by both human and non-human entertainers. These both human and non-human entertainers in the system are known as actants. The base of this hypothesis built up on the investigation of science and innovations and furthermore their effects on the system of the human and non-human actants (Volarik, 2013). Human entertainers built up a solid connection with the electronic gadgets, for example, portable, PC, tablet and different gadgets if there should be an occurrence of growing new and present day innovations if there should be an occurrence of progressing to old advances (Campuzano and Luis Poy, 2013). Insect hypothesis gives the fundamental thoughts with respect to the use of electronic gadgets in the life of the huma n to make it simpler. The entire system is investigated utilizing the hypothesis of ANT which gives the possibility of the both social and innovative view with respect to the gave organize. In the investigation of science, a huge space involves by the hypothesis of ANT. Current innovations of processing can likewise be portrayed utilizing Actor Network Theory (ANT), gives the connection between the actants and the general public where they act. The entries through which the connection between the actants is proceeded are known as the token. Additionally, there are a few contentions in regards to the associations among human and non-human actants that can clarify utilizing the Actor Network Theory (ANT). Handiness of considering Actor Network Theory (ANT) Contemplating Actor Network Theory (ANT) is valuable as it gives a few qualities that incorporate social and innovative exercises. In the conversation of contemporary collection, Actor Network Theory (ANT) gives the cooperations among both human and non-human actants. With respect to various parts of the advanced registering innovations, ANT assists with deciding a few positive and negative effects of present day array. The information required to comprehend the hypothesis of ANT ought to be identified with sociology and systems administration in the field of a PC with trend setting innovations (Ceurstemont, 2010). As ANT hypothesis gives the communication between the actants in the system consequently, the possibility of the system is fundamental in the conversation of ANT. The informal community is the fundamental section through which individuals associate with the electronic gadgets that are required to comprehend the cooperation held in the system of ANT. The conversation that i s finished utilizing the Actor Network Theory (ANT) essentially dependent on the study and the contextual investigations and if there should be an occurrence of assessing this, the information on organize innovation is required. Social and current advancements give the information about the collection of the figuring if there should be an occurrence of talking about the tales that are identified with the distinctive degree of advances and social realities (Volarik, 2013). Story1: Oracle cloud: the cutting edge open cloud Open cloud is adjusted in about 88percent of association on the planet. A large portion of the examiners speak to the open cloud as the hyper-advancement stage. The open cloud furnishes a few advantages to the associations as for the client experience, dexterity, and cost. Additionally the route on which association contend are given by the open haze of the association. Numerous associations are utilizing the original cloud in their administration (SUSMAN, 2010). This is on the grounds that they are habituated to it. Be that as it may, it is an ideal opportunity to utilize the cutting edge cloud which incorporates the multi-cloud universe through which the applications and the information can be moved with fast in the middle of the private, open and cross breed cloud that can likewise be gotten to by the gadgets that are utilized by the representatives and clients (Chang, 2012). Prophet cloud can speak to as the cutting edge cloud. The offices that remembers for the Oracle cloud are, for example, adaptable framework with a coordinated domain, extensive business application portfolio and a stage with an incredible norm. The offers that are given by the prophet cloud and one of a kind and are not given by some other cloud. Prophet Cloud likewise offers a few types of assistance, for example, Software as a help (SaaS), Platform as an assistance (PaaS) and Infrastructure as an assistance (IaaS). Additionally, a few advantages gave by the Oracle cloud to the association are such overseeing database, coordinate the business, best security and cost proficiency. The necessities of the enhanced IT experts of the associations are to build up an incorporated framework that can send and furthermore can refresh the product as indicated by their prerequisites. The designer of the Oracle Cloud attempted to give all the necessary answers for the association in the event of execute all the significant prerequisite in the administration of the cutting edge cloud. Prophet Cloud a dditionally gives confirmation about the security of the information of the venture (Furuichi and Yamada, 2014). Actants: In the Oracle cloud framework, there is job of a few actants, for example, human and non-human elements. In the classification of the human actants, it incorporates the designer of Oracle cloud, chief of associations, clients, and representatives. The non-human actants present in this story are, for example, database the board, cost proficiency, and the security framework. This story can be talked about by utilizing the Actor Network Theory (ANT). As indicated by the hypothesis, a cloud can be said as the system that is the cooperation section between the human and non-human actants of this story (Muhic and Johansson, 2014). The cloud framework can likewise be scale as programming actants which encourages the human actants to interface with the non-human actants of the story. Story2: Toyota robot can get after individuals and help the wiped out The new robot of Toyota called HSR (human help robot) is created in the event of doing a solitary assignment for example getting the things. The system that is accessible to HSR s that it has just one arm utilizing that it can pick objects of various size and shape. Likewise, it can get the little things by utilizing the small attractions cup. A PC board is accessible on the leader of the robot through which the web surfing is finished. The robot can likewise be gotten to from another PC and can utilize it as a camera. Kouichi Ikeda, specialist of the Toyota robot, structured it in the event of helping the individuals in their homes. His point is to help the debilitate individuals first and afterward to the senior individuals. The individuals who have issues in their spinal rope and furthermore the others who can't twist down can find support from this robot. Robots are the cutting edge advances that are created to help the individual in their work and furthermore help them to carry on with their life simpler (Noam, 2014). The cutting edge processing advancements are utilized in the improvement of HSR to make it increasingly valuable to the individuals. The robot can controls by utilizing a tablet or a remote of the TV. Likewise, the holds and knocks are planned so delicate so it can't hurt anyone. The most downside of this innovation is the cost. To lessen the expense of the robot there required a large scale manufacturing. It is pronounced that the present cost is given by Toyota. Actants: The Actor-Network Theory (ANT) is utilized to examine the narrative of the Toyota robot for example HSR. In this story, the human actants can be depicted as the fashioner of the robot for example Ikeda and the general individuals. There are a few non-human actants, for example, Toyota robot HSR, programming of HSR, and the apparatuses used to build up the robot. This can be said as the computerized actants as the robot can be taken care of y the individuals carefully utilizing a remote framework (Paka, 2013). Subterranean insect hypothesis additionally gives the depiction how the human actants can find support by utilizing the Toyota's robot in their ordinary life. End Contemporary figuring in the cutting edge world improves the way of life of our living by including a few current advances and furthermore by develop the old innovations utilizing the headway. The above examined stories are clarified based on the Actor Network Theory (ANT) which has a few human and non-human actants that are associated with one another in a system. Social and systems administration innovations follow up on the contemporary figuring to give a few collections to the human and nonhuman actants of the ANT hypothesis. Likewise, it is appropriate to utilize the ANT hypothesis on account of clarifying the narratives of the Oracle cloud and the robot. References List Afaneh, C., Finnerty, B., Abelson, J. furthermore, Zarnegar, R., 2015. Automated Assisted Heller Myotomy: an advanced method and survey of results. J Robotic Surg, 9(2), pp.101-108. Bogue, R., 2013. Would robots be able to assist with taking care of the world?. Mechanical Robot, 40(1), pp.4-9. Campuzano, J. furthermore, Luis Poy, J., 2013. Coordinating SIS with the Cloud. EUNIS 20

Thursday, August 13, 2020

Nordstrom success

Nordstrom success Nordstrom: How to Succeed by Selling One Home›Marketing Posts›Nordstrom: How to Succeed by Selling One Marketing PostsQuestions and Answers for Nordstrom Case StudyIdentification of the kind of a retailer that is Nordstrom and characteristics it shares with similar retailers“Specialty store” may be the best term to describe Nordstrom. The reason why this term fits Nordstrom is that the store has a narrow assortment, offers a high-value service,   the stores’ prices are somewhere between moderate and high; and the gross markups for the store are relatively high. A close observation of what analysts and observers think of Nordstrom reveals that this store strategy is one of “greed through love”.   This means that the store is always willing to go to whatever extent to please and provide customers with what they want, but this comes at a cost. From observers like Lior Arussy, value comes at a cost, so it is no surprise when Nordstrom’s prices are sad to between moderate and high.Nordstrom may be unrivaled in its quality of customer service; however, this does not imply that it does not share a number of similarities with other retail stores.   Some of the stores that may have close comparison with Nordstrom include, but are not limited to, Neiman Marcus, Taylor’s, Lord, and Saks Fifth Avenue (McCarthy, 2005).  A major similarity with all these stores is that it is pricier to shop for home décor and households here than in any other kinds of stores. However, the better part is that all these stores offer unique, durable and high quality merchandise.Level of Nordstrom’s service on a continuum from self to full serviceAs a sales person, Patrick McCarthy was able to maintain handwritten notes of about 12000 customers who kept coming back to Nordstrom store.   That was then, but currently things have gone full swing.   In the present day, the numbers of loyal customers that visit any of the departmental stores that belong to this retailer have go ne up more than ten folds. Moreover, the retailer has an online store. After taking these factors into consideration, the company had to switch from full service to self service.A store that could be different from Nordstrom as far as the issue of service continuum is concerned is Saks Fifth Avenue. The latter concentrates on a small number of customers whom it can afford, or has afforded to maintain personal information. This store acts like casinos that only require a few patrons in order to make a profit, but not thousands who may cost a company more that what it receives from them.Nordstrom Marketing mixDurability, uniqueness, quality, service, price, and product are the six components of the marketing mix that Nordstrom, as a company, applies to achieve its objective.   This company chooses its products wisely before offering them for sale. As opposed to other stores, like Wal-Mart, which do not value the aspect of durability, this store realizes that this aspect is an importan t factor keeps customers coming back.Generally, customers prefer products that are unique. No one would prefer, for example, to adorn jewels that every Tom. Dick and Harry adorn. The bottom line here is that, Nordstrom capitalizes on the fact that people prefer uniqueness, as opposed to commonality (Spector, 2000). Business analysts suggest that Nordstrom targets customers who may be willing to spend a minimum of $200 every time they do their shopping. This is contrary to stores like Kmart and Wal-Mart that target customers who may find it hard to spend more than $10 at a go. In order to attract high income customers, who are in most cases extravagant in their spending, Nordstrom provides high quality products that are in line with the demands of targeted customers.For more than 100 years, Nordstrom has offered unmatched customer service. This, all along, has formed an important part of the store’s marketing mix. The fifth component of Nordstrom’s marketing mix is price. With pr ice, one thing must be noted, that this store deals mainly not with necessities but with products that one can comfortably categorize as luxuries. A term that can clearly describe the kind of products that the store deals with is “Veblen” goods. Surprisingly, the demand curves for this kind of products are abnormal. As the price increases so does the demand, contrary with what happens with normal goods. Precisely, this means that if the goods were sold at a low price, the demand would decline. Nordstrom understands this business mystery and capitalizes on it by charging high or moderately high prices for its merchandise (Epstein, 2006).Product serves as the sixth component of Nordstrom’s marketing mix. This company perfectly selects products that are in line with the likes of its customers. The company recognizes that demography is an important aspect that affects its business. Female customers form a significant proportion of the total number of customers who shop at Nordstro m. After weighing options, the company offers in bulk female merchandise while merchandise for others is only provided on a small scale (McCarthy and Robert, 2005).Challenges facing Nordstrom in the current retail climateCompetition is a major challenge facing Nordstrom and other related retail stores. Bigger stores like Wal-Mart have moved away from being specialty companies to jerks of all trades. At Wal-Mart, a customer is guaranteed to get almost everything under roof. For convenience, customers prefer buying everything, or almost everything they need from one location. This saves time in addition to other things.Secondly, economic conditions are deteriorating with each passing day, and this means that consumers disposable income has continued to decline. Rational consumers prefer discounted stores, as opposed to specialty stores that charge exorbitant fees. Prices have in the recent past become a major factor that determines where customers do their shopping. Issues of quality, durability and service, which are primary at Nordstrom, have become only secondary factors that may be overlooked.How competition has changed and consumers expectationsSometimes back, quality, value and service were guiding principles of all competitors. Today, there are other issues that take centre stage. Prices and promotions, to a great extent determine who wins a customer and who loses one. Similarly, customers also expect that their favorite stores reciprocate by offering what they need at a discounted price. This factor has played a great role in ensuring that Wal-Mart, Kmart, Target and others stay afloat even at times when the world faces financial crisis. Aggressive promotions and advertisements have also changed the way competitors play their cards. Nordstrom, as a player in the retail industry, understands this pretty well. In the past, the store would rely on word of mouth spread by satisfied customers, but today the store advertises in magazines.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

A Step Beyond Human By Andy Greenberg - 1130 Words

There are a thousand different forms of technology. Some are more advanced than others, but most of them are meant to benefit our daily lifestyles. In the article â€Å"Can Technology Help Us Put an End to Animal Experimentation† written by George Dvorsky he explains how our upgraded technology is helping with the elimination of animal testing in today’s science. â€Å"A Step Beyond Human† by Andy Greenberg tells an inspiring story of how through a devastating accident a gentleman used technology to better himself and others like him. Although each of these articles vary in context, their use of technology seems to be the same. Through the progression of technology, we are bettering the quality of life with enhanced programs, ample amount of research, and a dedicated amount of time. The great part of technology is there is always room for progression. As a universe we grow to learn each new system as they come about. Most of these new alternatives that are emerging are coming from the fields of biotechnology, hi-res scanning, and computer science (Dvorsky, 2012, pg. 525). Instead of using animal test subjects, they are able to use the upcoming technology from these fields to better the life of the animals. They are now using cell based in-vitro models allowing them to test anything from toxicity of drugs, to chemicals, and even cosmetics (Dvorsky, 2012, pg. 525). Scientist have even gone as far as developing a lab grown liver that is used to break down chemicals (Dvorsky, 2012, pg.Show MoreRelatedWage and Salary Chapter 112487 Words   |  50 PagesResearch and Practice, eds. S. L. Rynes and B. E. Gerhart (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000); B. E. and Mark Huselid, â€Å"High Performance Work Systems and Firm Performance: A Synthesis of Research and Management Implications,† in Research in Personnel and Human Resources, ed. G. Ferris (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1998); Barry Gerhart and Sara Rynes Compensation: Theory, Evidence, and Strategic Implications (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2003). 2H. J. Cummins, â€Å"Mommy Wage Gap: It’s Real, but Is It Fair?† MinneapolisRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 Pagesthem, thereby having an opportunity to stretch themselves. In some cases where there is considerable updating, a new feature invites students to Assess the Latest Developments. Invitation to Research suggestions allow students to take the case a step further, to investigate what has happened since the case was written, both to the company and even to some of the individuals involved. In the final chapter, the various learning insights are summarized and classified into general conclusions. AnRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesUnderstanding Work Teams 307 Communication 335 Leadership 367 Power and Politics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource Policies and Practices 543 18 Organizational Change and Stress Management 577 Appendix A Research in Organizational Behavior Comprehensive Cases Indexes Glindex 637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction Read MoreRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 Pagesbeing an obscure group of protesting outcasts in the ghettos of West Kingston to being a movement ï ¬ rmly entrenched in Jamaican society.1 From Jamaica, the movement has spread around the world, especially among oppressed people of African origin.2 Beyond people of African descent, Rastafari has been embraced by persons from numerous other ethnic groups around the world, especially by those who perceive themselves as suffering some form of oppression and marginalization. Furthermore, the RastafarianRead MoreInside the Meltdown49737 Words   |  199 Pagesovercollateralized by 30 percent. My gosh, we couldn t have 30 percent of the mortgages going bad here, so we re going to give it a AAA rating. So nobody really looked at the human faces behind these mortgages to see if they were actually affordable and sustainable. How could this happen? It was a breakdown at every step of the way, and regulators included. The majority of it was done outside of insured depository institutions. But there were some banks that were doing it, too. And I think that

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Children of Men Film Essay - 969 Words

Children Of Men. â€Å"Children of Men† Directed by Alfonso Cuaron. Is set in the year 2027, in a chaotic world in which humans can no longer procreate, Theo Faron a former activist, agrees to help transport a miraculously pregnant woman, Named Kee, to a sanctuary located out at sea, where her child’s birth could help scientists save mankind. In the film Children of Men, there are many crucial scenes to help convey the idea of the film, however I find one of these scenes particularly important; namely the apartment scene. In this scene Theo is being driven through the streets of London to the Ark Of Arts to visit his cousin Nigel. The director uses a number of techniques to help portray the themes and ideas, such as music, setting, lighting†¦show more content†¦Written by MatthewShow MoreRelatedChildren of Men Film Essay956 Words   |  4 PagesChildren Of Men. â€Å"Children of Men† Directed by Alfonso Cuaron. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Conflict Case Study Analysis and Proposal Free Essays

A destructive conflict was created by the parties involved in the case study 2 section 2 (Erbe, 2003) when they failed to recognize the sole purpose of a spiritual community. The spiritual community’s sole purpose was to unite the members by leading them through a common belief and offering them any support they may require. The spiritual leader was charged with the responsibility of ensuring that the goals of the community were achieved. We will write a custom essay sample on A Conflict Case Study Analysis and Proposal or any similar topic only for you Order Now Instead of her using the powers bestowed to her to perform her role and the duties expected of her, she started to abuse these powers and instead of uniting the staff members and drawing them close to her, she scared them off. She started using her power to abuse and intimidate the subordinate staff in her office. This continued for such a long time that it became a ritual. It was in fact perceived that the spiritual leader’s intention was to hurt those individuals she thought did not belong to her circle. The issue of a fired staff came at the time the spiritual leader was also serving as the leader of the community. The spiritual leader’s apparent abuse of power is said to have caused the occurrence of the incident. We can not conclusively say that the complaining group’s accusations made against the leader are accurate as no face to face interview with the spiritual leader to get her side of the story and comment had yet been conducted. This implies that facts about the true motive behind the sacking of the staff member and whether bullying really is going on are still unknown. Besides, the complaining parties might be exaggerating in describing their accusations against the spiritual leader as there always is possibility of cognitive and perceptual distortions occurring where such issues are concerned. This calls for further investigation into the matter as it is necessary to establish the truth and also find out if the perceptual and distortion theories are present in the issue. It is important to note that the organization comprised of only women. However, the culture of the organization is more masculine than feminine. This is based on the on the way the leader executed her leadership responsibilities. Her expectations of the staff members were more rigid than what is normally expected of feminine organizations (Erbe, 2003). The leader created power and status, had matched experience to commanded attention and built ideas competitively which is characteristic of masculine organizations (Erbe. 2003). These leadership traits hence made the spiritual leader masculine as she did not exert the female leadership skills that are usually more dynamic. This caused her to conflict with the rest of the staff members as her version of leadership was not favourable with them (Erbe, 2003). Â   These differences in the way the leadership was handled caused the first phase of conflict which proceeded with time as in the escalating destructive conflict model created by Erbe. The conflict proceeded as members of the staff who were not in the leader’s circle got scared of opposing her abuse and bullying. This resulted to repeated abuse by the leader as no one was able to stand up to her. This eventually triggered accumulation of ill feelings against the leader amongst the staff members. This was even made worse by the fact that the spiritual leader was not meeting the staff member’s root expectation of her. Usually people expect spiritual leaders to be kind, fair, just and humane, this was however not so with this leader. The complaining group was later empowered when a law graduate entered the conflict and joined their side. She made them aware of heir legal rights which they did not know before. She explained to them that they could file a suite against the spiritual leader for abusing them. This was an empowerment to the complaining party as they got to know that there was a venue for them to air their grievances and concerns with the hope of getting help. More abuse from the leader were reported, for example there is an instance where she is said to have verbally abused a secretary who later went to seek counselling as she had been deeply hurt by the abuse. The peak of the conflict was experienced when one of the staff members was found with a gun. Violence which is known to be the ultimate manifestation of a conflict usually triggers destructive and undesired dynamics (Erbe, 2003). How to cite A Conflict Case Study Analysis and Proposal, Free Case study samples

Sunday, May 3, 2020


MODERN HISTORY ASSESSMENT TASK #1 Essay (i) Explain the different aims of the three leaders, Clemenceau, Lloyd-George and Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference after WW1. The 18th of January 1919, is a stand-still moment in History as 75%of the worlds leaders came together and prepared to discuss a singletopic, the situation of the post-war world. With the exclusion of thedefeated states, there was a total of 32 Leaders that attended the ParisPeace Conference. Whilst there was a large majority of attendees, therewere three that wielded more power over the other nations. These majorparticipants consisted of Clemenceau from France, Woodrow from USA andLloyd-George from Britain, because of the power they possessed the nameThe Big Three 1 was given to them. Georges Clemenceau was appointed to be the French Prime Minister in1916, immediately he clearly conveyed his ideas for Germany to be smashedso that she could never again embark on a war.2 The devastating blow thatthe French took during the war and especially at Verdun was still apparentin the French publics mind. Clemenceau would not take the chance of Germanyonce starting another war, so he proceeded to argue his aims as being ofhigh importance. Clemenceau believed the complete stripping of Germany wasthe only sure way to know they would be harmless and not be seen as astrong power in the future. This meant the removal of their navy, air-forceand a decrease in the size of their army. France wanted their border tomeet with Germanys along the Rhine and to lose all of their overseasterritories, the more important being the return of Alsace-Lorraine. Clemenceau also felt the need to restrict the relations of Austria-Hungaryand Germany in order to make sure the two countries would not once againjoin forces together. His nationalistic ways shown at the Paris PeaceConference meant that his views often conflicted with those of Wilsons. President Wilson had come to Europe with a program of peace for all men. His ideal was a very high one, but it involved great difficulties, owing tothese century-old hatreds between some races. (Clemenceau) 3Woodrow Wilson was the American President and came to Paris with agreat reputation of being a peace maker.4 Wilson is perhaps better knownfor his 14 idealistic aims for a peace initiative. These were in his mind,the perfect way to produce peace between the struggling nations and torestore power to its rightful owners; however these aims were viewed asimpractical and too far-fetched. One of the more important points includedwas self determination for the successor states in Europe. There was alsoto be no secret treaties between powers like the treaties that had helpedto cause the First World War. (Open Diplomacy) 5 This was similar toClemenceaus aim to destroy the Austria-German relation. Some of his moregeneral points were the freedom of the seas, free trade and the creation ofa League of Nations which observed world events and offered peacefulsolutio ns. A statement that I once made that this should be a peacewithout victory holds more strongly today than ever. The peace that we makemust be one in which justice alone is the determining factor. 6 Wilsonsincerely believed that only through justice could peace be restored, andan established society rebuilt. David Lloyd-George became the British Prime Minister in 1916 andalready had an established background. His creation of the Defence of theRealm Act meant he knew what lengths Britain had to extend to in order tofight in the war. Lloyd-George acted as a mediator between Clemenceausharsh nationalism and Wilsons idealistic nature. Lloyd-Georges biggestaim was to reduce the threat of a German up rise, but he didnt want themto become economically inadequate. With an economically strong Germancountry, Lloyd-George believed they would be able to uplift the Europeantrade industry. The threat of communism was also a problem, and if Germanywas a weaker power at the time, they were at risk of becoming a communistnation, in turn affecting the immediate countries surround Germany. The aims of these three leaders differed by the degree of punishmentthey thought Germany deserved. Clemenceau had a more aggressive stance andwanted revenge on the German people for their particularly violent acts atVerdun. Wilson tried to take a more passive approach towards Germany; hehad 14 strong points but was not forceful enough to put them all intoplace. Finally, Lloyd-George wanted to keep Germany economically stable touse them as an advantage to the European industry. The three leaders wereall looking at the best interests of their own country and they wantedGermany to repay the sufferings caused. (ii) Explain the extent to which each of the three leaders, Clemenceau,Lloyd-George and Wilson were satisfied with the final terms of the Treatyof Versailles. Diversity Within English EssayWhat we seek is the reign of law, based upon the consent of thegoverned, and sustained by the organized opinion of mankind. (Wilson) 9. During the war, proposals of an international organisation were formed toensure that another world war would never break out again. In result, TheLeague of Nations was established on January 25th 1919. It was anorganisation that would solve international disputes 10, maintain thepeace, increase living conditions, limit armaments and constant arbitratingbetween the nations. The League also aimed to promote internationalcooperation in economic and social affairs. The League focused on many of the economic and social problems thatwere found throughout the world. Such problems as womens rights, childwelfare and poverty. To help with these issues, the League created smallsectors that would be in control of a specialised area such as health andrefugee provisions. The League of Nations also set out to decrease thenumber or armaments that countries possessed. The complete down sizing of anations army, air force and naval services was predicted to produce worldsecurity. However, this was a dangerous task to try and carry out, becauseif there was one nation that refused to cooperate, there was a possibilityof another war breaking out, the complete opposite of theLeaguesobjectives. To help settle legal disputes in the world, a World Court wasformed to help give unprejudiced justice to the countries in trouble. Wilson sincerely believed that the most civilized approach was to gothrough the justice system to rebuild an established society. Ironically areparations commission was setup in the League to calculate the exactamounts that Germany owned to a number of different countries, even thoughtWilson thought the reparations were too harsh at theParisPeaceConference. If there was one member of the League that was the victim of anattack, it was agreed upon that all other members would provide aid to thecountry in need of help. This was an attractive bribe for being a memberof the League. This ensured your nation that there will be assistance readyat hand when needed in the case of an attack. The other nations wouldcompletely isolate the attacking nation and cut off any supplies going intothe country. If this was not enough, the League would use force, with thebigger military force having a great advantage over the foe. Wilson believed with World Cooperation and justice, peace amongst thenations could be possible. Interest does not bind men together: interestseparates men. There is only one thing that can bind men together, and thatis common devotion to right. (Wilson) 8 World security was a big issue inthe League, which meant the prevention of a war ever occurring again. Thismeant the League could enforce the disarmament of a nation if they thoughtthe threat of war was arising from a particular country or state. Thedisarmament to nations was important in keeping good relationships with notonly neighbouring countries, but countries from all across the globe. Political liberty can exist only when there is peace. Social reform cantake place only when there is peace. (Wilson)11The League of Nations sole purpose was to maintain peace throughoutthe world, in a non-violent, civilised manner. This could be done withspecial commissions and smaller organisations the helped with economic andsocial issues. The all for one and one for all, attitude amongst membersin the League created a safer environment and nations became more willingto trust other nations. The intent was to look at the best interest of thenations and to prevent another World War at all costs. BibliographyCummins, P. McAndrew, M. Thomas, D. The Great War and Its Aftermath.(2001). Making and Keeping the Peace. Pg272-277. UK: CambridgeThe Treaty of Versailles 28th June 1919. Fuller, RP. accessed 9/11/2003Georges Clemenceau. The History Learning Site Team. accessed9/11/2003THE WAY TO PEACE : Wilson and the League of Nations. Beck, S. accessed 12/11/2003The United States at the Paris Peace Conference. Digital Term Papers Team. accessed 11/11/2003League of Nations. Wikipedia Team. accessed 16/11/2003Georges Clemenceau. (2001). The First World War team. accessed 9/11/2003France in the Treaty of Versailles. Team. accessed 9/11/2003David Lloyd George: Great Britain. Team. accessed 10/11/2003Woodrow Wilson. 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